The History of Anguilla
Approximately 3500 years ago, a tribe of Amerindians left their native land of South America and sailed out to find a new home. They came across what is now considered Anguilla, with its luscious tropical rainforests and capacious coral reefs.
They named the island Malliouhana, which meant "arrow-headed sea serpent" in their native language of Arawak. "Malliouhana" soon became a bustling community with villages, farms, and ceremonial sites.
It was not long before Europeans began to notice the exquisite "Malliouhana." They named the island Anguilla, or "eel", due to the island's elongated shape.
In the 1650s, British settlers came to Anguilla and colonized the island. They set up plantations upon the farmlands to grow corn and tobacco. These establishments were short-lived however; when the Caribs; a warrior tribe from South America, overtook the population of the Arawak Indians and destroyed the plantations.
More troubles arose in 1666 when French forces overtook Anguilla. The island was relinquished to the British through the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, but the French continued attempts to invade the British-governed island for 150 years.
Anguilla became a single British colony that developed a high degree of home rule. In the 1830's; however, it was forced to become a union with nearby islands St. Kitts and Nevis. A chance for action did not arrive until 1958, when the St Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla nation became a part of the Federation of the West Indies. The Federation collapsed only four years later, and as a result most islands gained institutional constitutions and St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla became an associated statehood. With these new privileges, Anguilla became inspired to fight for its independence.
The Anguillan Revolution or Anguilla's Independence Day, commenced on May 30, 1967. On this day, the Anguillans repulsed the Royal St. Kitts Police Force from the island. The British immediately came and interceded; establishing a peace-keeping committee. Anguilla was then granted statehood and independence, although debate still presided over Anguilla's succession until December 19, 1980. Anguilla became a separate Dependent Territory with some measure of autonomy in government.
Today, Anguilla is considered a British dependency, and the island attracts tourists from around the world to play on its golden beaches and swim in its turquoise seas. Luxury villas and resorts offer visitors the best in accommodations for their Anguilla vacations. Fishing and boating, along with gourmet dining and fine beaches, draw visitors to this friendly island.
Anguilla General Information and Villa Rentals